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What Is National Integration And Factors Affecting It

  • An integrated nation consequently is characterized by a high level of cooperation between the various groups and sub-groups for the benefit of all the members. In this article, I will discuss factors affecting national integration and how to promote it.

    What is National Integration?

    National integration is a process of creating a sense of national consciousness, uniqueness of identity, and loyalty among people with different socio-cultural identities (racial, ethnic, language, religion, etc.) into a single territorial political society.

    Factors Affecting National Integration

    Below are the factors affection national integration:

    Ethnic Diversity: According to Vanguardngr Newspaper, Nigeria is made up of several ethnic groups, the majority of which are the Igbo, Hausa, and the Yoruba. Within these ethnic groups are several tribes numbering 371. Due to this ethnic diversity, some ethnic group may tend to be loyal to their own people at the expense of national interest. So, this is one of the factors that may affect national integration.

    Structural Imbalance: The way Nigeria is structured is also a threat to national unity. Structural Nigeria is grouped into North and South and the political power of the nation is somehow vested to the Northern part of the country. And this has been a long term threat to the country

    Language multiplicity: There are over 400 languages in Nigeria. Language difference is a threat because there will high tendency for poor communication. Although the nation adopted the use of the English language to help solve this problem, the high illiteracy rate in the country has made the effort futile. People that can communicate in the country are not up to 40% of the population. So, the country is faced with misinformation and a communication gap because of language multiplicity.

    How to Promote National Integration

    Formation of political parties with national outlook: Political parties should assume national character. Parties should have their headquarters in the Federal capital. It must also accept people from all walks of life to be members.

    Encouraging Nigerians to be patriotic: The people must all feel as Nigerians with one destiny and one goal. They must have ‘we’ feeling.

    Good and responsible governance/leadership to promote sense of belonging among Nigerians.

    Related Posts:

    Nigerian Airforce recruitment Portal and How to Join

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