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Demand for Automotive Busbars Highest in Asia-Pacific

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    As per the United Nations (UN), already in 2018, almost 55% of the people on earth lived in cities and this percentage will likely increase to 69% in 2050. One of the clearest effects of this is being witnessed in the rising sale of automobiles, which is, sadly, worsening the problem of air pollution. As a result, efforts are being taken around the world to encourage people to shift to electric vehicles (EVs), as they have an electric motor instead of a petrol (gasoline) or diesel engine, therefore are non-polluting.

    The number of electric cars in operation around the world reached 7.2 million in 2019, according to the International Energy Agency (IEA). Therefore, P&S Intelligence expects the automotive busbar market size to reach $177.1 million by 2030 from $17.4 million in 2020, at a massive 24.6% CAGR between 2021 and 2030 (forecast period). This will be because busbars are rapidly replacing conventional wire-based conductors to ferry current to the various electronic systems of EVs and the motor from the battery.

    Of low- and high-power busbars, more number of low-power busbars are utilized, as they are needed to ferry electricity from the charging stations to the battery modules and from there to the various electronic systems of the vehicle. In contrast, high-power busbars are only required to transfer power from the battery to the primary traction motor of the automobile and in powertrain inverters and AC/DC converters, which is why fewer of those are required per EV.

    Based on conductor, aluminum and copper are the bifurcations of the automotive busbar market, of which the copper bifurcation held the larger share during the historical period (2015–2020). This was because of copper’s long-standing presence as a preferred electricity conductor. Moreover, the metal is non-magnetic, easily machinable, and corrosion-resistant. During the forecast period, the faster growth will be witnessed in the aluminum bifurcation owing to aluminum’s lower molecular weight and inexpensive nature.

    With governments around the world offering subsidies on purchasing EVs, the demand for busbars will only increase. China, the U.S., Norway, Germany, France, the Netherlands, the U.K., Sweden, Italy, and Romania are among the most-prominent countries offering or that have offered EV purchase subsidies in the past. As a result of these initiatives, new electric car registrations increased by 41% in 2020, despite a 16% reduction in overall car sales due to the COVID-19 pandemic, says the World Economic Forum (WEF).

    Similarly, the FAME India scheme of the Indian government has allocated INR 10,000 crore for making EVs cheaper under its second phase. Of these, INR 8,596 crore is being used exclusively used to offer purchase subsidies, since EVs are expensive and mass adoption is impossible presently without state-sponsored financial schemes. As a result of such initiatives, Asia-Pacific (APAC) dominated the automotive busbar market in 2020, and it will continue doing so throughout the forecast period.

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